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defmodule Pleroma.User do
  use Ecto.Schema
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  import Ecto.{Changeset, Query}
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  alias Pleroma.{Repo, User, Object, Web, Activity, Notification}
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  alias Comeonin.Pbkdf2
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  alias Pleroma.Formatter
  alias Pleroma.Web.CommonAPI.Utils, as: CommonUtils
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  alias Pleroma.Web.{OStatus, Websub, OAuth}
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  alias Pleroma.Web.ActivityPub.{Utils, ActivityPub}
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  @type t :: %__MODULE__{}

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  @email_regex ~r/^[a-zA-Z0-9.!#$%&'*+\/=?^_`{|}~-]+@[a-zA-Z0-9](?:[a-zA-Z0-9-]{0,61}[a-zA-Z0-9])?(?:\.[a-zA-Z0-9](?:[a-zA-Z0-9-]{0,61}[a-zA-Z0-9])?)*$/

  @strict_local_nickname_regex ~r/^[a-zA-Z\d]+$/
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  @extended_local_nickname_regex ~r/^[a-zA-Z\d_-]+$/
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  schema "users" do
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    field(:bio, :string)
    field(:email, :string)
    field(:name, :string)
    field(:nickname, :string)
    field(:password_hash, :string)
    field(:password, :string, virtual: true)
    field(:password_confirmation, :string, virtual: true)
    field(:following, {:array, :string}, default: [])
    field(:ap_id, :string)
    field(:avatar, :map)
    field(:local, :boolean, default: true)
    field(:follower_address, :string)
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    field(:search_distance, :float, virtual: true)
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    field(:tags, {:array, :string}, default: [])
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    field(:last_refreshed_at, :naive_datetime)
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    has_many(:notifications, Notification)
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    embeds_one(:info, Pleroma.User.Info)
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    timestamps()
  end
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  def auth_active?(%User{} = user), do: user.info && !user.info.confirmation_pending

  def superuser?(%User{} = user), do: user.info && User.Info.superuser?(user.info)
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  def avatar_url(user) do
    case user.avatar do
      %{"url" => [%{"href" => href} | _]} -> href
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      _ -> "#{Web.base_url()}/images/avi.png"
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    end
  end

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  def banner_url(user) do
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    case user.info.banner do
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      %{"url" => [%{"href" => href} | _]} -> href
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      _ -> "#{Web.base_url()}/images/banner.png"
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    end
  end

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  def profile_url(%User{info: %{source_data: %{"url" => url}}}), do: url
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  def profile_url(%User{ap_id: ap_id}), do: ap_id
  def profile_url(_), do: nil

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  def ap_id(%User{nickname: nickname}) do
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    "#{Web.base_url()}/users/#{nickname}"
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  end

  def ap_followers(%User{} = user) do
    "#{ap_id(user)}/followers"
  end
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  def follow_changeset(struct, params \\ %{}) do
    struct
    |> cast(params, [:following])
    |> validate_required([:following])
  end

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  def user_info(%User{} = user) do
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    oneself = if user.local, do: 1, else: 0
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    user_info = user.info
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    %{
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      following_count: length(user.following) - oneself,
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      note_count: user_info.note_count,
      follower_count: user_info.follower_count,
      locked: user_info.locked,
      confirmation_pending: user_info.confirmation_pending,
      default_scope: user_info.default_scope
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    }
  end

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  def remote_user_creation(params) do
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    params =
      params
      |> Map.put(:info, params[:info] || %{})
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    info_cng = User.Info.remote_user_creation(%User.Info{}, params[:info])

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    changes =
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      %User{}
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      |> cast(params, [:bio, :name, :ap_id, :nickname, :avatar])
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      |> validate_required([:name, :ap_id])
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      |> unique_constraint(:nickname)
      |> validate_format(:nickname, @email_regex)
      |> validate_length(:bio, max: 5000)
      |> validate_length(:name, max: 100)
      |> put_change(:local, false)
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      |> put_embed(:info, info_cng)
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    if changes.valid? do
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      case info_cng.changes[:source_data] do
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        %{"followers" => followers} ->
          changes
          |> put_change(:follower_address, followers)
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        _ ->
          followers = User.ap_followers(%User{nickname: changes.changes[:nickname]})
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          changes
          |> put_change(:follower_address, followers)
      end
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    else
      changes
    end
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  end

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  def update_changeset(struct, params \\ %{}) do
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    struct
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    |> cast(params, [:bio, :name, :avatar])
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    |> unique_constraint(:nickname)
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    |> validate_format(:nickname, local_nickname_regex())
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    |> validate_length(:bio, max: 5000)
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    |> validate_length(:name, min: 1, max: 100)
  end

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  def upgrade_changeset(struct, params \\ %{}) do
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    params =
      params
      |> Map.put(:last_refreshed_at, NaiveDateTime.utc_now())

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    info_cng =
      struct.info
      |> User.Info.user_upgrade(params[:info])

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    struct
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    |> cast(params, [:bio, :name, :follower_address, :avatar, :last_refreshed_at])
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    |> unique_constraint(:nickname)
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    |> validate_format(:nickname, local_nickname_regex())
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    |> validate_length(:bio, max: 5000)
    |> validate_length(:name, max: 100)
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    |> put_embed(:info, info_cng)
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  end

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  def password_update_changeset(struct, params) do
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    changeset =
      struct
      |> cast(params, [:password, :password_confirmation])
      |> validate_required([:password, :password_confirmation])
      |> validate_confirmation(:password)
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    OAuth.Token.delete_user_tokens(struct)
    OAuth.Authorization.delete_user_authorizations(struct)

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    if changeset.valid? do
      hashed = Pbkdf2.hashpwsalt(changeset.changes[:password])
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      changeset
      |> put_change(:password_hash, hashed)
    else
      changeset
    end
  end

  def reset_password(user, data) do
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    update_and_set_cache(password_update_changeset(user, data))
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  end

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  def register_changeset(struct, params \\ %{}, opts \\ []) do
    confirmation_status =
      if opts[:confirmed] || !Pleroma.Config.get([:instance, :account_activation_required]) do
        :confirmed
      else
        :unconfirmed
      end

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    changeset =
      struct
      |> cast(params, [:bio, :email, :name, :nickname, :password, :password_confirmation])
      |> validate_required([:email, :name, :nickname, :password, :password_confirmation])
      |> validate_confirmation(:password)
      |> unique_constraint(:email)
      |> unique_constraint(:nickname)
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      |> validate_format(:nickname, local_nickname_regex())
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      |> validate_format(:email, @email_regex)
      |> validate_length(:bio, max: 1000)
      |> validate_length(:name, min: 1, max: 100)
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      |> put_change(:info, User.Info.confirmation_changeset(%User.Info{}, confirmation_status))
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    if changeset.valid? do
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      hashed = Pbkdf2.hashpwsalt(changeset.changes[:password])
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      ap_id = User.ap_id(%User{nickname: changeset.changes[:nickname]})
      followers = User.ap_followers(%User{nickname: changeset.changes[:nickname]})
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      changeset
      |> put_change(:password_hash, hashed)
      |> put_change(:ap_id, ap_id)
      |> put_change(:following, [followers])
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      |> put_change(:follower_address, followers)
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    else
      changeset
    end
  end

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  @doc "Inserts provided changeset, performs post-registration actions (confirmation email sending etc.)"
  def register(%Ecto.Changeset{} = changeset) do
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    with {:ok, user} <- Repo.insert(changeset),
         {:ok, _} = try_send_confirmation_email(user) do
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      {:ok, user}
    end
  end

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  def try_send_confirmation_email(%User{} = user) do
    if user.info.confirmation_pending do
      user
      |> Pleroma.UserEmail.account_confirmation_email()
      |> Pleroma.Mailer.deliver()
    else
      {:ok, :noop}
    end
  end

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  def needs_update?(%User{local: true}), do: false

  def needs_update?(%User{local: false, last_refreshed_at: nil}), do: true

  def needs_update?(%User{local: false} = user) do
    NaiveDateTime.diff(NaiveDateTime.utc_now(), user.last_refreshed_at) >= 86400
  end

  def needs_update?(_), do: true

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  def maybe_direct_follow(%User{} = follower, %User{local: true, info: %{locked: true}}) do
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    {:ok, follower}
  end

  def maybe_direct_follow(%User{} = follower, %User{local: true} = followed) do
    follow(follower, followed)
  end

  def maybe_direct_follow(%User{} = follower, %User{} = followed) do
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    if not User.ap_enabled?(followed) do
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      follow(follower, followed)
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    else
      {:ok, follower}
    end
  end

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  def maybe_follow(%User{} = follower, %User{info: _info} = followed) do
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    if not following?(follower, followed) do
      follow(follower, followed)
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    else
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      {:ok, follower}
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    end
  end

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  def follow(%User{} = follower, %User{info: info} = followed) do
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    user_config = Application.get_env(:pleroma, :user)
    deny_follow_blocked = Keyword.get(user_config, :deny_follow_blocked)
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    ap_followers = followed.follower_address
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    cond do
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      following?(follower, followed) or info.deactivated ->
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        {:error, "Could not follow user: #{followed.nickname} is already on your list."}
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      deny_follow_blocked and blocks?(followed, follower) ->
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        {:error, "Could not follow user: #{followed.nickname} blocked you."}
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      true ->
        if !followed.local && follower.local && !ap_enabled?(followed) do
          Websub.subscribe(follower, followed)
        end

        following =
          [ap_followers | follower.following]
          |> Enum.uniq()
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        follower =
          follower
          |> follow_changeset(%{following: following})
          |> update_and_set_cache
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        {:ok, _} = update_follower_count(followed)

        follower
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    end
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  end
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  def unfollow(%User{} = follower, %User{} = followed) do
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    ap_followers = followed.follower_address
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    if following?(follower, followed) and follower.ap_id != followed.ap_id do
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      following =
        follower.following
        |> List.delete(ap_followers)
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      {:ok, follower} =
        follower
        |> follow_changeset(%{following: following})
        |> update_and_set_cache
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      {:ok, followed} = update_follower_count(followed)

      {:ok, follower, Utils.fetch_latest_follow(follower, followed)}
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    else
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      {:error, "Not subscribed!"}
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    end
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  end
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  @spec following?(User.t(), User.t()) :: boolean
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  def following?(%User{} = follower, %User{} = followed) do
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    Enum.member?(follower.following, followed.follower_address)
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  end
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  def locked?(%User{} = user) do
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    user.info.locked || false
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  end

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  def get_by_ap_id(ap_id) do
    Repo.get_by(User, ap_id: ap_id)
  end

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  def update_and_set_cache(changeset) do
    with {:ok, user} <- Repo.update(changeset) do
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      Cachex.put(:user_cache, "ap_id:#{user.ap_id}", user)
      Cachex.put(:user_cache, "nickname:#{user.nickname}", user)
      Cachex.put(:user_cache, "user_info:#{user.id}", user_info(user))
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      {:ok, user}
    else
      e -> e
    end
  end

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  def invalidate_cache(user) do
    Cachex.del(:user_cache, "ap_id:#{user.ap_id}")
    Cachex.del(:user_cache, "nickname:#{user.nickname}")
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    Cachex.del(:user_cache, "user_info:#{user.id}")
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  end

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  def get_cached_by_ap_id(ap_id) do
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    key = "ap_id:#{ap_id}"
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    Cachex.fetch!(:user_cache, key, fn _ -> get_by_ap_id(ap_id) end)
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  end

  def get_cached_by_nickname(nickname) do
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    key = "nickname:#{nickname}"
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    Cachex.fetch!(:user_cache, key, fn _ -> get_or_fetch_by_nickname(nickname) end)
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  end
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  def get_by_nickname(nickname) do
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    Repo.get_by(User, nickname: nickname)
  end

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  def get_by_nickname_or_email(nickname_or_email) do
    case user = Repo.get_by(User, nickname: nickname_or_email) do
      %User{} -> user
      nil -> Repo.get_by(User, email: nickname_or_email)
    end
  end

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  def get_cached_user_info(user) do
    key = "user_info:#{user.id}"
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    Cachex.fetch!(:user_cache, key, fn _ -> user_info(user) end)
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  end
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  def fetch_by_nickname(nickname) do
    ap_try = ActivityPub.make_user_from_nickname(nickname)

    case ap_try do
      {:ok, user} -> {:ok, user}
      _ -> OStatus.make_user(nickname)
    end
  end

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  def get_or_fetch_by_nickname(nickname) do
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    with %User{} = user <- get_by_nickname(nickname) do
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      user
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    else
      _e ->
        with [_nick, _domain] <- String.split(nickname, "@"),
             {:ok, user} <- fetch_by_nickname(nickname) do
          user
        else
          _e -> nil
        end
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    end
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  end
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  def get_by_confirmation_token(token) do
    Repo.one(from(u in User, where: fragment("? ->> 'confirmation_token' = ?", u.info, ^token)))
  end

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  def get_followers_query(%User{id: id, follower_address: follower_address}) do
    from(
      u in User,
      where: fragment("? <@ ?", ^[follower_address], u.following),
      where: u.id != ^id
    )
  end

  def get_followers(user) do
    q = get_followers_query(user)
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    {:ok, Repo.all(q)}
  end

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  def get_friends_query(%User{id: id, following: following}) do
    from(
      u in User,
      where: u.follower_address in ^following,
      where: u.id != ^id
    )
  end

  def get_friends(user) do
    q = get_friends_query(user)
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    {:ok, Repo.all(q)}
  end
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  def get_follow_requests_query(%User{} = user) do
    from(
      a in Activity,
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      where:
        fragment(
          "? ->> 'type' = 'Follow'",
          a.data
        ),
      where:
        fragment(
          "? ->> 'state' = 'pending'",
          a.data
        ),
      where:
        fragment(
          "? @> ?",
          a.data,
          ^%{"object" => user.ap_id}
        )
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    )
  end

  def get_follow_requests(%User{} = user) do
    q = get_follow_requests_query(user)
    reqs = Repo.all(q)

    users =
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      Enum.map(reqs, fn req -> req.actor end)
      |> Enum.uniq()
      |> Enum.map(fn ap_id -> get_by_ap_id(ap_id) end)
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      |> Enum.filter(fn u -> !following?(u, user) end)
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    {:ok, users}
  end

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  def increase_note_count(%User{} = user) do
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    info_cng = User.Info.add_to_note_count(user.info, 1)
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    cng =
      change(user)
      |> put_embed(:info, info_cng)
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    update_and_set_cache(cng)
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  end

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  def decrease_note_count(%User{} = user) do
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    info_cng = User.Info.add_to_note_count(user.info, -1)
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    cng =
      change(user)
      |> put_embed(:info, info_cng)
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    update_and_set_cache(cng)
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  end

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  def update_note_count(%User{} = user) do
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    note_count_query =
      from(
        a in Object,
        where: fragment("?->>'actor' = ? and ?->>'type' = 'Note'", a.data, ^user.ap_id, a.data),
        select: count(a.id)
      )
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    note_count = Repo.one(note_count_query)

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    info_cng = User.Info.set_note_count(user.info, note_count)
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    cng =
      change(user)
      |> put_embed(:info, info_cng)
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    update_and_set_cache(cng)
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  end

  def update_follower_count(%User{} = user) do
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    follower_count_query =
      from(
        u in User,
        where: ^user.follower_address in u.following,
        where: u.id != ^user.id,
        select: count(u.id)
      )
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    follower_count = Repo.one(follower_count_query)

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    info_cng =
      user.info
      |> User.Info.set_follower_count(follower_count)
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    cng =
      change(user)
      |> put_embed(:info, info_cng)
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    update_and_set_cache(cng)
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  end
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  def get_users_from_set_query(ap_ids, false) do
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    from(
      u in User,
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      where: u.ap_id in ^ap_ids
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    )
  end

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  def get_users_from_set_query(ap_ids, true) do
    query = get_users_from_set_query(ap_ids, false)
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    from(
      u in query,
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      where: u.local == true
    )
  end

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  def get_users_from_set(ap_ids, local_only \\ true) do
    get_users_from_set_query(ap_ids, local_only)
    |> Repo.all()
  end

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  def get_recipients_from_activity(%Activity{recipients: to}) do
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    query =
      from(
        u in User,
        where: u.ap_id in ^to,
        or_where: fragment("? && ?", u.following, ^to)
      )
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    query = from(u in query, where: u.local == true)
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    Repo.all(query)
  end

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  def search(query, resolve \\ false) do
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    # strip the beginning @ off if there is a query
    query = String.trim_leading(query, "@")

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    if resolve do
      User.get_or_fetch_by_nickname(query)
    end
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    inner =
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      from(
        u in User,
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        select_merge: %{
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          search_distance:
            fragment(
              "? <-> (? || ?)",
              ^query,
              u.nickname,
              u.name
            )
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        },
        where: not is_nil(u.nickname)
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      )

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    q =
      from(
        s in subquery(inner),
        order_by: s.search_distance,
        limit: 20
      )
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    Repo.all(q)
  end
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  def block(blocker, %User{ap_id: ap_id} = blocked) do
    # sever any follow relationships to prevent leaks per activitypub (Pleroma issue #213)
    blocker =
      if following?(blocker, blocked) do
        {:ok, blocker, _} = unfollow(blocker, blocked)
        blocker
      else
        blocker
      end

    if following?(blocked, blocker) do
      unfollow(blocked, blocker)
    end

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    info_cng =
      blocker.info
      |> User.Info.add_to_block(ap_id)
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    cng =
      change(blocker)
      |> put_embed(:info, info_cng)

    update_and_set_cache(cng)
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  end

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  # helper to handle the block given only an actor's AP id
  def block(blocker, %{ap_id: ap_id}) do
    block(blocker, User.get_by_ap_id(ap_id))
  end

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  def unblock(blocker, %{ap_id: ap_id}) do
    info_cng =
      blocker.info
      |> User.Info.remove_from_block(ap_id)
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    cng =
      change(blocker)
      |> put_embed(:info, info_cng)

    update_and_set_cache(cng)
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  end

  def blocks?(user, %{ap_id: ap_id}) do
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    blocks = user.info.blocks
    domain_blocks = user.info.domain_blocks
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    %{host: host} = URI.parse(ap_id)
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    Enum.member?(blocks, ap_id) ||
      Enum.any?(domain_blocks, fn domain ->
        host == domain
      end)
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  end

  def block_domain(user, domain) do
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    info_cng =
      user.info
      |> User.Info.add_to_domain_block(domain)
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    cng =
      change(user)
      |> put_embed(:info, info_cng)
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    update_and_set_cache(cng)
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  end

  def unblock_domain(user, domain) do
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    info_cng =
      user.info
      |> User.Info.remove_from_domain_block(domain)
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    cng =
      change(user)
      |> put_embed(:info, info_cng)
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    update_and_set_cache(cng)
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  end

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  def local_user_query() do
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    from(
      u in User,
      where: u.local == true,
      where: not is_nil(u.nickname)
    )
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  end

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  def moderator_user_query() do
    from(
      u in User,
      where: u.local == true,
      where: fragment("?->'is_moderator' @> 'true'", u.info)
    )
  end

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  def deactivate(%User{} = user, status \\ true) do
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    info_cng = User.Info.set_activation_status(user.info, status)
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    cng =
      change(user)
      |> put_embed(:info, info_cng)
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    update_and_set_cache(cng)
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  end
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  def delete(%User{} = user) do
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    {:ok, user} = User.deactivate(user)

    # Remove all relationships
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    {:ok, followers} = User.get_followers(user)

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    followers
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    |> Enum.each(fn follower -> User.unfollow(follower, user) end)
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    {:ok, friends} = User.get_friends(user)
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    friends
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    |> Enum.each(fn followed -> User.unfollow(user, followed) end)
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    query = from(a in Activity, where: a.actor == ^user.ap_id)
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    Repo.all(query)
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    |> Enum.each(fn activity ->
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      case activity.data["type"] do
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        "Create" ->
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          ActivityPub.delete(Object.normalize(activity.data["object"]))
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        # TODO: Do something with likes, follows, repeats.
        _ ->
          "Doing nothing"
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      end
    end)

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    {:ok, user}
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  end
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  def html_filter_policy(%User{info: %{no_rich_text: true}}) do
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    Pleroma.HTML.Scrubber.TwitterText
  end

  def html_filter_policy(_), do: nil

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  def get_or_fetch_by_ap_id(ap_id) do
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    user = get_by_ap_id(ap_id)

    if !is_nil(user) and !User.needs_update?(user) do
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      user
    else
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      ap_try = ActivityPub.make_user_from_ap_id(ap_id)

      case ap_try do
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        {:ok, user} ->
          user

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        _ ->
          case OStatus.make_user(ap_id) do
            {:ok, user} -> user
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            _ -> {:error, "Could not fetch by AP id"}
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          end
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      end
    end
  end

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  def get_or_create_instance_user do
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    relay_uri = "#{Pleroma.Web.Endpoint.url()}/relay"

    if user = get_by_ap_id(relay_uri) do
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      user
    else
      changes =
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        %User{info: %User.Info{}}
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        |> cast(%{}, [:ap_id, :nickname, :local])
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        |> put_change(:ap_id, relay_uri)
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        |> put_change(:nickname, nil)
        |> put_change(:local, true)
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        |> put_change(:follower_address, relay_uri <> "/followers")
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      {:ok, user} = Repo.insert(changes)
      user
    end
  end

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  # AP style
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  def public_key_from_info(%{
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        source_data: %{"publicKey" => %{"publicKeyPem" => public_key_pem}}
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      }) do
    key =
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      public_key_pem
      |> :public_key.pem_decode()
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      |> hd()
      |> :public_key.pem_entry_decode()
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    {:ok, key}
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  end

  # OStatus Magic Key
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  def public_key_from_info(%{magic_key: magic_key}) do
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    {:ok, Pleroma.Web.Salmon.decode_key(magic_key)}
  end

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  def get_public_key_for_ap_id(ap_id) do
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    with %User{} = user <- get_or_fetch_by_ap_id(ap_id),
         {:ok, public_key} <- public_key_from_info(user.info) do
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      {:ok, public_key}
    else
      _ -> :error
    end
  end
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  defp blank?(""), do: nil
  defp blank?(n), do: n

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  def insert_or_update_user(data) do
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    data =
      data
      |> Map.put(:name, blank?(data[:name]) || data[:nickname])

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    cs = User.remote_user_creation(data)
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    Repo.insert(cs, on_conflict: :replace_all, conflict_target: :nickname)
  end
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  def ap_enabled?(%User{local: true}), do: true
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  def ap_enabled?(%User{info: info}), do: info.ap_enabled
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  def ap_enabled?(_), do: false
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  @doc "Gets or fetch a user by uri or nickname."
  @spec get_or_fetch(String.t()) :: User.t()
  def get_or_fetch("http" <> _host = uri), do: get_or_fetch_by_ap_id(uri)
  def get_or_fetch(nickname), do: get_or_fetch_by_nickname(nickname)
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  # wait a period of time and return newest version of the User structs
  # this is because we have synchronous follow APIs and need to simulate them
  # with an async handshake
  def wait_and_refresh(_, %User{local: true} = a, %User{local: true} = b) do
    with %User{} = a <- Repo.get(User, a.id),
         %User{} = b <- Repo.get(User, b.id) do
      {:ok, a, b}
    else
      _e ->
        :error
    end
  end

  def wait_and_refresh(timeout, %User{} = a, %User{} = b) do
    with :ok <- :timer.sleep(timeout),
         %User{} = a <- Repo.get(User, a.id),
         %User{} = b <- Repo.get(User, b.id) do
      {:ok, a, b}
    else
      _e ->
        :error
    end
  end
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  def parse_bio(bio, user \\ %User{info: %{source_data: %{}}})
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  def parse_bio(nil, _user), do: ""
  def parse_bio(bio, _user) when bio == "", do: bio
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  def parse_bio(bio, user) do
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    mentions = Formatter.parse_mentions(bio)
    tags = Formatter.parse_tags(bio)

    emoji =
      (user.info.source_data["tag"] || [])
      |> Enum.filter(fn %{"type" => t} -> t == "Emoji" end)
      |> Enum.map(fn %{"icon" => %{"url" => url}, "name" => name} ->
        {String.trim(name, ":"), url}
      end)

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    bio
    |> CommonUtils.format_input(mentions, tags, "text/plain")
    |> Formatter.emojify(emoji)
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  end
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  def tag(user_identifiers, tags) when is_list(user_identifiers) do
    Repo.transaction(fn ->
      for user_identifier <- user_identifiers, do: tag(user_identifier, tags)
    end)
  end
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  def tag(nickname, tags) when is_binary(nickname),
    do: tag(User.get_by_nickname(nickname), tags)

  def tag(%User{} = user, tags),
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    do: update_tags(user, Enum.uniq((user.tags || []) ++ normalize_tags(tags)))
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  def untag(user_identifiers, tags) when is_list(user_identifiers) do
    Repo.transaction(fn ->
      for user_identifier <- user_identifiers, do: untag(user_identifier, tags)
    end)
  end
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  def untag(nickname, tags) when is_binary(nickname),
    do: untag(User.get_by_nickname(nickname), tags)
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  def untag(%User{} = user, tags),
    do: update_tags(user, (user.tags || []) -- normalize_tags(tags))
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  defp update_tags(%User{} = user, new_tags) do
    {:ok, updated_user} =
      user
      |> change(%{tags: new_tags})
      |> Repo.update()
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    updated_user
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  end
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  defp normalize_tags(tags) do
    [tags]
    |> List.flatten()
    |> Enum.map(&String.downcase(&1))
  end
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  defp local_nickname_regex() do
    if Pleroma.Config.get([:instance, :extended_nickname_format]) do
      @extended_local_nickname_regex
    else
      @strict_local_nickname_regex
    end
  end
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end