Commit c708656b authored by kaniini's avatar kaniini

Merge branch 'robotstxt' into 'develop'

Add robots.txt

Closes #723

See merge request !929
parents 7ecc2010 3dadaa44
Pipeline #8998 passed with stages
in 4 minutes and 18 seconds
To add custom emoji:
* Add the image file(s) to `priv/static/emoji/custom`
* In case of conflicts: add the desired shortcode with the path to `config/custom_emoji.txt`, comma-separated and one per line
* Force recompilation (``mix clean && mix compile``)
Example:
image files (in `/priv/static/emoji/custom`): `happy.png` and `sad.png`
content of `config/custom_emoji.txt`:
```
happy, /emoji/custom/happy.png
sad, /emoji/custom/sad.png
```
The files should be PNG (APNG is okay with `.png` for `image/png` Content-type) and under 50kb for compatibility with mastodon.
The Message Rewrite Facility (MRF) is a subsystem that is implemented as a series of hooks that allows the administrator to rewrite or discard messages.
Possible uses include:
* marking incoming messages with media from a given account or instance as sensitive
* rejecting messages from a specific instance
* removing/unlisting messages from the public timelines
* removing media from messages
* sending only public messages to a specific instance
The MRF provides user-configurable policies. The default policy is `NoOpPolicy`, which disables the MRF functionality. Pleroma also includes an easy to use policy called `SimplePolicy` which maps messages matching certain pre-defined criterion to actions built into the policy module.
It is possible to use multiple, active MRF policies at the same time.
## Quarantine Instances
You have the ability to prevent from private / followers-only messages from federating with specific instances. Which means they will only get the public or unlisted messages from your instance.
If, for example, you're using `MIX_ENV=prod` aka using production mode, you would open your configuration file located in `config/prod.secret.exs` and edit or add the option under your `:instance` config object. Then you would specify the instance within quotes.
```
config :pleroma, :instance,
[...]
quarantined_instances: ["instance.example", "other.example"]
```
## Using `SimplePolicy`
`SimplePolicy` is capable of handling most common admin tasks.
To use `SimplePolicy`, you must enable it. Do so by adding the following to your `:instance` config object, so that it looks like this:
```
config :pleroma, :instance,
[...]
rewrite_policy: Pleroma.Web.ActivityPub.MRF.SimplePolicy
```
Once `SimplePolicy` is enabled, you can configure various groups in the `:mrf_simple` config object. These groups are:
* `media_removal`: Servers in this group will have media stripped from incoming messages.
* `media_nsfw`: Servers in this group will have the #nsfw tag and sensitive setting injected into incoming messages which contain media.
* `reject`: Servers in this group will have their messages rejected.
* `federated_timeline_removal`: Servers in this group will have their messages unlisted from the public timelines by flipping the `to` and `cc` fields.
Servers should be configured as lists.
### Example
This example will enable `SimplePolicy`, block media from `illegalporn.biz`, mark media as NSFW from `porn.biz` and `porn.business`, reject messages from `spam.com` and remove messages from `spam.university` from the federated timeline:
```
config :pleroma, :instance,
rewrite_policy: [Pleroma.Web.ActivityPub.MRF.SimplePolicy]
config :pleroma, :mrf_simple,
media_removal: ["illegalporn.biz"],
media_nsfw: ["porn.biz", "porn.business"],
reject: ["spam.com"],
federated_timeline_removal: ["spam.university"]
```
### Use with Care
The effects of MRF policies can be very drastic. It is important to use this functionality carefully. Always try to talk to an admin before writing an MRF policy concerning their instance.
## Writing your own MRF Policy
As discussed above, the MRF system is a modular system that supports pluggable policies. This means that an admin may write a custom MRF policy in Elixir or any other language that runs on the Erlang VM, by specifying the module name in the `rewrite_policy` config setting.
For example, here is a sample policy module which rewrites all messages to "new message content":
```!elixir
# This is a sample MRF policy which rewrites all Notes to have "new message
# content."
defmodule Site.RewritePolicy do
@behavior Pleroma.Web.ActivityPub.MRF
# Catch messages which contain Note objects with actual data to filter.
# Capture the object as `object`, the message content as `content` and the
# message itself as `message`.
@impl true
def filter(%{"type" => Create", "object" => {"type" => "Note", "content" => content} = object} = message)
when is_binary(content) do
# Subject / CW is stored as summary instead of `name` like other AS2 objects
# because of Mastodon doing it that way.
summary = object["summary"]
# Message edits go here.
content = "new message content"
# Assemble the mutated object.
object =
object
|> Map.put("content", content)
|> Map.put("summary", summary)
# Assemble the mutated message.
message = Map.put(message, "object", object)
{:ok, message}
end
# Let all other messages through without modifying them.
@impl true
def filter(message), do: {:ok, message}
end
```
If you save this file as `lib/site/mrf/rewrite_policy.ex`, it will be included when you next rebuild Pleroma. You can enable it in the configuration like so:
```
config :pleroma, :instance,
rewrite_policy: [
Pleroma.Web.ActivityPub.MRF.SimplePolicy,
Site.RewritePolicy
]
```
Please note that the Pleroma developers consider custom MRF policy modules to fall under the purview of the AGPL. As such, you are obligated to release the sources to your custom MRF policy modules upon request.
\ No newline at end of file
# Static Directory
Static frontend files are shipped in `priv/static/` and tracked by version control in this repository. If you want to overwrite or update these without the possibility of merge conflicts, you can write your custom versions to `instance/static/`.
```
config :pleroma, :instance,
static_dir: "instance/static/",
```
You can overwrite this value in your configuration to use a different static instance directory.
## robots.txt
By default, the `robots.txt` that ships in `priv/static/` is permissive. It allows well-behaved search engines to index all of your instance's URIs.
If you want to generate a restrictive `robots.txt`, you can run the following mix task. The generated `robots.txt` will be written in your instance static directory.
```
mix pleroma.robots_txt disallow_all
```
# Pleroma: A lightweight social networking server
# Copyright © 2019 Pleroma Authors <https://pleroma.social/>
# SPDX-License-Identifier: AGPL-3.0-only
defmodule Mix.Tasks.Pleroma.RobotsTxt do
use Mix.Task
@shortdoc "Generate robots.txt"
@moduledoc """
Generates robots.txt
## Overwrite robots.txt to disallow all
mix pleroma.robots_txt disallow_all
This will write a robots.txt that will hide all paths on your instance
from search engines and other robots that obey robots.txt
"""
def run(["disallow_all"]) do
static_dir = Pleroma.Config.get([:instance, :static_dir], "instance/static/")
if !File.exists?(static_dir) do
File.mkdir_p!(static_dir)
end
robots_txt_path = Path.join(static_dir, "robots.txt")
robots_txt_content = "User-Agent: *\nDisallow: /\n"
File.write!(robots_txt_path, robots_txt_content, [:write])
end
end
......@@ -21,7 +21,8 @@ def file_path(path) do
end
end
@only ~w(index.html static emoji packs sounds images instance favicon.png sw.js sw-pleroma.js)
@only ~w(index.html robots.txt static emoji packs sounds images instance favicon.png sw.js
sw-pleroma.js)
def init(opts) do
opts
......
......@@ -25,7 +25,7 @@ defmodule Pleroma.Web.Endpoint do
at: "/",
from: :pleroma,
only:
~w(index.html static finmoji emoji packs sounds images instance sw.js sw-pleroma.js favicon.png schemas doc)
~w(index.html robots.txt static finmoji emoji packs sounds images instance sw.js sw-pleroma.js favicon.png schemas doc)
# credo:disable-for-previous-line Credo.Check.Readability.MaxLineLength
)
......
User-Agent: *
Disallow:
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